Inspirational Quotes

"I have learned that people will forget what you said; people will forget what you did, but people will never forget how you made them feel."

--Maya Angelou

"Live as if your were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever. You must learn to be still in the midst of activity and be vibrantly alive in repose."

--Gandhi

Vaginismus

The essential feature of Vaginismus is the recurrent or persistent involuntary contraction of the perineal muscles surrounding the outer third of the vagina when vaginal penetration with penis, finger, tampon, or speculum is attempted.

The disturbance must cause marked distress or interpersonal difficulty. The disturbance is not better accounted for by another Axis I disorder (except another Sexual Dysfunction) and is not due exclusively to the direct physiological effects of a general medical condition.

    Subtypes

    Subtypes are provided to indicate the onset, context, and etiological factors associated with the Sexual Dysfunctions.

    Lifelong: This subtype applies if the sexual dysfunction has been present since the onset of sexual functioning.

    Acquired: This subtype applies if the sexual dysfunction develops only after a period of normal functioning.

    Generalized Type: This subtype applies if the sexual dysfunction develops only after a period of normal functioning.

    Situational Type: This subtype applies if the sexual dysfunction is limited to certain types of stimulation, situations, or partners.

    Due to Psychological Factors: This subtype applies when psychological factors are judged to have the major role in the onset, severity, exacerbation, or maintenance of the Sexual Dysfunction, and general medical conditions and substances play no role in the etiology of the Sexual Dysfunction.

    Due to Combined Factors:

    This subtype applies when 1) psychological factors are judged to have a role in the onset, severity, exacerbation, or maintenance of the Sexual Dysfunction; and 2) a general medical condition or substance use is also judged to be contributory but is not sufficient to account for the Sexual Dysfunction.

    If sexual dysfunction is attributed solely to substance abuse or a medical cause, Sexual Dysfunction Due to a General Medical and/or Substance-Induced Sexual Dysfunction is diagnosed.

      Associated Features

      The diagnosis is often made during routine gynecological examinations when response to the pelvic examination results in the readily observed contraction of the vaginal outlet. In some cases, the intensity of the contraction may be so severe or prolonged as to cause pain. However, Vaginismus occurs in some women during sexual activity but not during a gynecological examination. The disorder is more often found in younger than in older females, in females with negative attitudes toward sex, and in females who have a history of being sexually abused or traumatized.

        Course

        Once the disorder is established, the course is usually chronic unless ameliorated by treatment. Acquired Vaginismus also may occur suddenly in response to a sexual trauma or a general medical condition.

        Diagnostic criteria summarized from:

        American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fourth edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.



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